Guardianship over minors
Curations and tuitions allowed minors to have adequate room, food, drink, clothes and education during their minorities, when one or both of the parents had deceased.
A curation arises primarily for male children between the ages of 14 to 21 and for female children between the ages of 12 to 21.
A tuition arises for children younger than the age of curation; there is some overlap of ages.
Curations and tuitions were filled out on individual papers, sometimes found mixed in with original wills and administration boxes. Some were then submitted to the Act Books. A few courts maintained separate boxes for the curations and tuitions.
If you’re lucky enough to find a curation or tuition, it can indicate approximate age, guardianship or apprenticeship. Many times a curation or tuition was not needed as the widow or relict was given default custody. But as in the case where the widow remarried, a Bond of Tuition or Curation was sometimes issued to protect the assets and welfare of the child or children.
Word of the week: